Text conveys important information in landscape drawings. Text is used for plant labels, in dimensioning styles, title blocks, to add specification notes or to make other annotations.
Tip: Think about the possibility of using all upper case when adding text to landscape design construction drawings. A construction team often works under difficult circumstances - paper prints of drawings get smudged, dirty, wet and suffer a lot in the build phase. Upper case annotations and notes are much easier to read under difficult conditions than those in lower case.
The figure below shows an example of a landscape construction drawing where all text (both Windows text and CAD text) is in upper case.
Windows text vs. CAD text
Landscape CAD design work differs from other design professions, especially in engineering. Engineers usually use special CAD fonts that are drawn with what are know as SHX CAD fonts. These (vector) fonts were developed at a time when printing/plotting large CAD drawings was very slow (a drawing commonly took 20 minutes to plot on a pen plotter) and allowed drawings to print more quickly. Although SHX fonts may reduce print times, these fonts are mostly pretty ugly. CAD software (including gCAD+) now allows architects and landscape designers to move away from the use of strict CAD fonts and take advantage of a wide variety of Windows fonts when applying text to their drawings.
Tip: Some excellent hand drawn fonts are now available, many are free of charge.
gCAD+ allows the use of both types of fonts - CAD and Windows TrueType. Using an option on the Format drop down menu, a named text style is created and either a SHX CAD font or a a Windows TrueType (TT) font matched to it. Tese can be mixed in the one drawing. The figure below shows two types of fonts in use in the one drawing. The bold text (in cyan) uses a Windows TrueType fonts and the green (thinner) text uses a CAD font (called simplex).
Text styles are created from the Format drop down menu that activates the text style dialog box shown below. Some styles in this drawing use CAD fonts while others use Windows fonts.
The font you use has a big effect on your drafting style. Designs can be given the look of hand drawn plans by creating a style using hand lettered fonts as shown in the figures below.
Here is a movie in which the use of text styles is discussed. We show how to create new text styles using both CAD and Windows TrueType fonts and show how useful it can be to store a block with several text styles loaded and then insert that drawing (block) into a new design. Text styles are then available for immediate use without the need to create them de novo.
Tip: Using Windows TrueType fonts allows a user to search for text (a string like a plant species name) inside a PDF version of your drawing. If CAD fonts are used, no string searching is possible in a PDF print of a gCAD+ drawing.
Types of text
- Single line text (using either CAD or TrueType font)
- Multiline text (using either CAD or TT font)
- Arc Text (using either CAD or TT font)
- Windows TrueType text (forces use of TT font in the style)
Tip: Text is always created using the current text style.
The figure below shows a drawing in which a hand lettered Windows font is used.
Single line text
This is by far the most common type of text found in technical drawings including landscape drawings. Single-line text is an individual line of text contained in one text object. It is useful for labels and short notes. If you have longer notes that may exceed one line, use Muliti Line (paragraph) text.
The insertion point or text is a Point object indicating the coordinate location for placing the text. The text height is a real number defining the height of the upper-case characters in drawing units.
Note: In many countries, a drafting standard exists that sets out quite strict rules about text fonts and sizes. Fortunately, landscape designers do not suffer those restrictions and can afford to be much more creative where the use of text is concerned.
When you create single line text, you end each line of text by pressing Enter. Each line of text is created as a separate entity that you can modify.
The figure below shows typical single line text in operation.
Select the text, then click on the Contents box in the Properties window to the left of screen.
Multi line (paragraph) text
Paragraph text consists of one or more lines of text or paragraphs that fit within a boundary width that you specify. Each paragraph text entity you create is treated as a single entity regardless of the number of individual paragraphs or lines of text it contains.
The figure below shows a large block of text (in lower case) created using the MTEXT command. The remaining text is single line text and was created using the TEXT command
Windows text uses the same method as single line text; the only difference is that Windows fonts are supported instead of CAD fonts. You need to make sure that an appropriate windows font has been selected in the Format options before using the tool.
A special form of text placement that places text around an arc or circle. The text in the logo for our Landscape Diploma shown below was drawn in that way.